If you`re not keeping up with your daily brushing and flossing regimen, you increase the chances of developing oral health issues such as gum infections and gum diseases. Even though gum disease can deteriorate your health and do much worse for your well-being, one of the less ignored but noticeable effects of gum disease is bad breath, also known as gum disease bad breath.
How Does Gum Disease Come About?
Before we understand the link between gum disease and bad breath, it’s vital that we shed light on the development of oral infections.
When we eat, bits of food particles get lodged in between our teeth and gum. The food residues left in the mouth act as the perfect bait for the growth and development of bacteria.
Also, with time, without proper dental hygiene, the food residue develops a sticky, and thin coating known as plaque. Plaque often forms along the gum line and covers parts of your teeth. Gradually, the plaque on your gum line hardens and turns into tartar.
When tartar forms, it`s quite impossible to remove it using your conventional home oral methods. You need to see a professional periodontist to remove this coating. This stage is accompanied by a bacterial build up on the tartar and is known as gingivitis.
According to Mayo Clinic, some of the common symptoms of gingivitis include;
- Red, tender and swollen gums
- Loose teeth
- Pain when chewing (so, no chewing gums allowed)
- Pus between gum and teeth
- Gums that pulled away from the teeth
According to Medical News Today, the apex of gum disease is the development of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is seen as the successor of gingivitis, and it`s an infection that you would not want to get. With a periodontal disease its common for individuals to lose their whole set of teeth.
Other symptoms of periodontal infections include;
- Receding teeth
- A severe toothache
- Bright red gums
Link Between Bad Breath and Gum Disease
Excessive buildup of plaque on your teeth creates a medium for the growth and development of bacteria in the mouth. When these bacteria breakdowns the food particles lodged in the teeth, they create toxins including volatile Sulphur compounds that are responsible for the foul odor.
As we seen above, failure to remove plaque results to a hardened coating known as tartar-this is according to The American Academy of Periodontology. Also referred to as calculus, tartar is characterized by a hard and rough coating that covers your teeth and gum. This gunk not only coats your teeth, but it also gets under your gum line, sticks to oral dentures such as brace and goes below and above the gum line.
Since the tartar is rough and porous, it acts as a perfect medium for the odor-causing bacteria to propagate. And because it`s hard, it`s “seals” of your teeth and gums, denying your access to your oral structures, thus making it extremely hard for you to clean your teeth and gums thoroughly. Inadvertently, failure to access your oral structures will definitely lead to bad breath.
The signs and symptoms of gum infections themselves are a contributing factor to the bad mouth odor. For instance, periodontal infections are characterized by receding of teeth from the gum line, thus causing “pockets” on the jaw structure.
These pockets are not easily accessible using toothbrushes (and toothpastes) and can hold bits of food and bacteria. The decaying food particles and bacteria hiding in the pockets around and the gum line can result in intense bacteria growth, consequently leading to bad breath.
Similarly, early stages of gum infections are characterized by bleeding gums and production of pus from the gums. Remember that blood is proteinous, and if you`re constantly bleeding and producing pus, you are at a higher risk of developing bad breath, since you are constantly feeding the anaerobic and odor-causing bacteria.
Finally, gum infection is characterized by high oral sensitivity and severe pain. This is to mean that most of the individual with gum diseases often shy away from brushing their teeth thoroughly due to the intense pain that is associated with brushing. Failure to perform thorough dental cleaning will ultimately result in bad breath.
Gum Disease Bad Breath Treatment
The first step to curbing the gum disease bad breath is to identify the cause of gum disease. By identifying the root of an infection, you can develop methodological tips for treating your gum disease bad breath.
Below are four effective tips you can employ to curb the gum diseases bad breath menace;
Proper oral hygiene
Poor dental hygiene is the major cause of gum infections and one of the leading causes of of bad breath in both children and adults. See, when you fail to brush and floss properly, your teeth will develop plaque, and tartar, which are responsible for the gum infections.
Therefore, you can avoid the gum disease bad breath by avoiding the development of periodontal infections in the first place. As a rule of thumb, ensure that you brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day. If possible, you can clean your teeth after every meal.
Smokers teeth are often characterized by a thin layer of film covering their teeth. This layer is a plaque and is often caused by the deposits of nicotine and tar from the tobacco products.
Plaque aside, smoking itself caused degeneration of the oral tissues, including cells, and can make your mouth more vulnerable to gum diseases. Moreover, smoker’s breath is bad on its own.
Finally, smoking interferes with the normal immune system and can make it extremely hard for successful gum disease treatment.
Reconsider your Nutrition
While it might be hard to get all your daily vitamins, you should consider consuming vital vitamins that will boost your oral health. According to Colgate/US, Vitamin C, for instance, is necessary to avoid bleeding gums and loose teeth. Other nutrients that should be given priority include calcium for jaw and teeth development, iron, and vitamin B. This can help you get rid of bad breath.
Contrarywise, avoid sugary foods and starch-rich foods, as they`re the perfect recipe for gum problems.
Visit your Dentist Regularly
Having regular check-up, at least twice per year is sufficient to keep your oral health in the perfect state.
Also, remember that some of the gum infections are genetically transmitted, and you should therefore not overlook the importance of undertaking regular dental checkups.