What do we most often see in TV ads? We see successful treatment of gums, medicines that are filled with our pharmacies, and then again we are shown wide smiles and beautiful white teeth with healthy gums. In life, the picture is much sadder, because rarely can anyone boast the absolute health of their teeth and gums.
It is commonplace, but many diseases could be prevented if, instead of treating the gums, regularly take care of your oral cavity. After all, the same gingivitis originates from non-compliance with basic hygiene standards associated with brushing teeth. When the remnants of food turn into a place for the reproduction of microbes, this eventually causes an inflammatory process in the gums.
Gum Diseases and Their Causes
When you are diagnosed with gingivitis, periodontal disease, or periodontitis, it means you have problems with your gums. And these basic diseases can take many different forms, but at the same time they have approximately the same symptoms:
- any pain in the gums;
- swelling and redness of the gums;
- bad breath;
- the formation of gingival pockets;
- discharge containing pus;
- hypersensitivity to the gums;
- loosening of teeth;
- plaque and stone formed on the teeth;
- violation of the sensations of taste;
- bleeding gums at the slightest touch.
With periodontal disease, there may be no symptoms, especially in the early stages. Particular attention should be paid if your tooth has darkened – this may indicate that the nerve is being destroyed in it, and it darkens because decay products leak through the hard tissues of the tooth. The main causes of inflammation in the oral cavity:
- improper or rare oral hygiene;
- weakened immunity;
- vitamin deficiencies;
- some chronic diseases;
- smoking and generally bad habits;
- some drugs.
You need to understand that any manifestation of the onset of gum disease is a serious reason to consult a dentist for advice on further preventive or treatment measures. But nobody canceled personal literacy, so it will be useful to know about the most common prescriptions that a doctor can do for you. Why problems arise in the oral cavity, it became clear, now we will consider what can be done with this and what are the medicines that can ease the situation as much as possible.
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Gum disease medications
If you notice that the gums are inflamed, one of the first aid options may be Metrogil ointment or Solcoseryl. They are good because they have not only an analgesic effect, but also antiseptic. Well-established gel called Kamistad with the same effect as others, but also with an extract of flowers of a pharmaceutical camomile. It helps especially when chilled. Polyminerol is another drug that, among other things, improves tissue regeneration and almost completely removes bleeding gums, while relieving inflammation and anesthetizing.
Such ointments and gels will help if you have an uncontrolled form of gingivitis, periodontal disease or periodontitis, otherwise another treatment and other medications are required.
An effective remedy for toothache is an analgesic pill, such as Ketonov, Tampalgin or Dexalgin. If the pain is very severe, and there is no way to get to the doctor, then there is no reason to endure it and aggravate your situation.
You can prevent the disease or ease its course using rinses, but they will not replace a full and comprehensive treatment. For rinsing, you can use antiseptic agents, and if there is no way to buy them, use the most common baking soda, it also has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Or it may be some herbs, such as sage or oak bark. You can buy grass in a pharmacy and brew according to the instructions, and then rinse your mouth several times a day.
The most affordable and effective antiseptic agents are:
- Tantum Verde;
Many people use hydrogen peroxide to rinse, but in this case it is completely useless, only a dentist can use it to wash the pus in periodontal pockets. It is impossible to do it at home yourself. And after rinsing your mouth with an antiseptic, you should also use Ketoprofen for the speedy healing of wounds, if any.
Along the way, you can increase immunity by taking Immunorm, Imudon, Imunofan or their other analogues. The relationship between immunity and teeth is obvious: a person with high immunity not only does not experience problems with them, but also generally has better health, because microbes and bacteria can no longer have a big impact on such an organism.
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Antibiotics for gum disease
As we often do, we endure to the last, and then with a very advanced form of some periodontitis we resort to the dentist so that he quickly removes the pain and cures us. In this case, you can not do without antibiotics.
Metronidazole is the very first antibiotic to be used as an antibacterial drug, but it goes as an adjunct to the main antibiotic. Only by combining it with Lincomycin or its analog Clindamycin, you can achieve a good and lasting effect in the treatment of advanced forms of gum disease.
With gum inflammation, especially prolonged and neglected, a reaction of the body in the form of intoxication is possible – this is the very case when you need a clear doctor’s guidance and taking antibiotics.
Just keep in mind one point: if you are prescribed antibiotics in the form of injections, then they should never be done right in the gum – this spoils not only the gum itself, but also the tooth. The fact is that when injections in the tooth, a huge amount of antibiotic accumulates for it and causes a massive formation of toxins and inflammatory mediators in the gums. Therefore, we do such injections only intramuscularly.
To summarize: with advanced gum disease antibiotics are prescribed, they can be both a wide spectrum and narrowly targeted. These include:
- Ampicillin. Broad-spectrum antibiotic.
- Amoxicillin. Broad-spectrum antibiotic.
- Metronidazole. Antimicrobial antibiotic.
- Erythromycin. Affects gram-positive bacteria.
Also, the complex takes drugs with a wide spectrum of action: Nolitsin, Sifloks or Tarivid, which are highly active against bacteria, viruses and infections.
Note that the uncontrolled use of antibiotics leads to dysbiosis, diarrhea, allergic and other reactions, so do not prescribe them yourself without a doctor.
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Prevention of gum disease
Prevention is easier than cure, which means that it is better to follow simple rules for the care and maintenance of healthy gums and teeth. It is necessary:
- Brush your teeth regularly.
- Use dental floss.
- To clean teeth from tartar.
- Avoid bad habits.
- Eat right.
- Take (as needed) calcium and vitamin C.
- Monitor the health of the body as a whole.
- More to be in the fresh air.
- Get enough sleep.
- Do not be nervous.
Do not buy toothpaste that contains fluoride for brushing, because it, combined with water, especially in some regions, contributes to a strong darkening of the teeth. In large quantities, it can cause fluorosis and be toxic. It is better to buy good toothpastes that really cleanse and incorporate natural ingredients that have a healing effect. This, of course, is not a medicine, but a good help in the prevention of diseases of the teeth and gums. Splat toothpaste is good, the manufacturers of which clearly and clearly write that it does not contain fluorine and triclosan, but it has zinc and potassium. The name “therapeutic and prophylactic pastes” speaks for itself. Look for just those.
There are various treatments available that can save you from having to cut your gums in the future by taking serious steps. Such means should be used in advance, combining them with methods of physiotherapy and restorative therapy.
Take care of your teeth since childhood so that you don’t have to waste time treating your gums, acquiring rather expensive medications that do not always give the desired result!