How is stomatitis transmitted?


In order to conduct a successful and effective treatment, you need to know how stomatitis is transmitted and what it is. This disease is very contagious and is accompanied by very painful and unpleasant symptoms.

Stomatitis problem

What is stomatitis and its causes

Most people mistakenly believe that this disease can occur only in childhood. In fact, it has no age restrictions. Stomatitis is an inflammatory process in the oral cavity. Depending on the cause, there are several types of disease.

Rising body temperature with stomatitisThe main symptoms are:

  • increased salivation;
  • bad breath;
  • redness in the oral cavity;
  • ulcers or blisters on the oral mucosa;
  • painful sensations;
  • temperature increase, up to 40 degrees;
  • swollen lymph nodes.

Not all symptoms will manifest overnight. They can occur as the patient's condition worsens, some do not appear at all.

It should always be remembered that any wounds and damage to the human mucosa are a reliable way for bacteria and viruses. This is one of the most common causes of stomatitis. A considerable amount of bacteria accumulates in the mouth, which we partially clean during the usual hygiene procedures. But, if a wound or damage is found in the mouth, it is necessary to rinse during the day, so that the pests do not have the opportunity to cause an infection.

At risk is a certain group of people who have certain diseases. So, violations of the gastrointestinal tract increase the likelihood of stomatitis, especially if there is gastritis or colitis. Dehydration promotes sores in the mouth. Also patients with diabetes, anemia and bronchial asthma.

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Disease classification

Types of StomatitisBacterial. The causative agents of this type of stomatitis can be staphylococcus and streptococcus. They are present in small quantities in all people. But, as soon as favorable conditions appear for them, they begin to multiply and cause illness. A decrease in the protective functions of the body and the presence of mechanical lesions on the mucosa will be the most optimal conditions for the development of bacteria.

Viral. Most commonly, its herpes virus causes it. It is easily transmitted by airborne droplets, as well as through genetic lines. Viral stomatitis is characterized by transparent blisters, which eventually open, and ulcers form in their place.

Fungal. Most common after taking a course of antibiotics, when the body weakens. The causative agent is Candida fungus. The oral cavity is covered with white coating. When trying to remove plaque, erosion remains on the damage sites, which cause severe pain.

Ray. Such stomatitis appears due to radiation sickness. Wounds also form on the mucosa, and some areas may become denser.

Chemical. Occurs due to careless behavior. If acid or alkali enters the mouth, open wounds may form, which eventually deform sections of the mucosa in the oral cavity.

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Ways of transmission of the disease

The main causes of stomatitis

Stomatitis can be transmitted very quickly and easily from a patient to a healthy person. It’s not even necessary to drink from the same cup. The airborne droplet pathway is one of the most common methods of infection. If a person knows that he has stomatitis, then he must protect himself from communicating with other people to a complete recovery. If the treatment is correct and successful, then after a week from the disease there will be no trace.

Often, stomatitis can be observed in newborns. It would seem, where did it come from? But when passing the birth canal, unwanted bacteria could get into the baby's mouth. And if the mother had candidiasis during pregnancy, and she ignored the treatment, then the likelihood of catching the infection in the crumbs increases several times.

Viral stomatitis can develop with chickenpox, measles, or flu.

And such a common disease as angina can leave behind a bacterial form of the disease. You should not take your health and even more so the health of children lightly. Avoid talking to sick people. After all, stomatitis can be transmitted by contact. It is enough for him to get even on a toy that another child will subsequently play. When shaking hands and even more so when using common utensils and other household items.

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Disease prevention

To sleep peacefully and not to shake strangers over each sneeze, it is necessary to perform basic precautions. They will make it possible to avoid stomatitis.

First of all, you need to remember about daily oral hygiene. Each family member should have their own personal toothbrush and towel. Choose a soft or medium hard brush, then the possibility of damaging the gums is minimized. Handle floss and toothpicks carefully.

If possible, do not abuse “dangerous” foods. Chips and crackers can damage the mucous membrane. Give preference to foods that are good for your health.

Eat in a balanced way, then the body will receive a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals, thereby preventing a decrease in its protective functions.

Author:

Ivan Ivanov

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